Bermuda grass is one of the most popular warm season choices for athletic fields, lawns and golf courses across the country. Its fine texture, thick growth and vibrant green color make it the perfect choice for individuals living in the southern states. This type of grass is native to Africa and prefers warm seasonal temperatures and weather conditions.One particular member of this family, Yukon Bermuda grass was developed to withstand cooler temperatures and will actually thrive in the central part of the United States as well as the southern section. This type of grass is one of the most persistent and aggressive grasses, meaning it is extremely hard to get rid of once it has taken root.
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Lawns planted with this particular type of grass seed can reach full coverage in approximately one years’ time. There is no preferred method of planting, due to the fact that Bermuda grass seeds, sod pads and plugs attach equally well and begin growing almost immediately. While it has gained notoriety from its use throughout the southern states, recent developments have created variations that grow equally well in milder climates to the north. Even though it will grow and can thrive in cooler temperatures, it will go dormant with the first freeze of the year.
Bermuda grass establishes itself quickly and will cover large areas in a short period of time. It can be started by seed, plugs or sod. Its dense growth patterns make it an excellent choice for athletic playing fields and golf courses where high levels of traffic can break down less durable types of grass. The maintenance of a lawn or field planted with this type of seed, will depend on the property’s usage. Playing fields will require higher levels of care than residential or high profile commercial lawns that have much less foot traffic. This type of grass includes both thin and coarse blades. Slender blades make for a much softer lawn, while coarser blades add strength and durability. The lawn’s intended usage will determine the variety of Bermuda grass that will be needed to seed it.
Bermuda grass needs full sun to thrive and will not do well if given only partial sunlight. Because of its intense growth rate, controlling thatch can be difficult. Frequent mowing may be needed to keep it under control. Bagging the clippings is one way of getting a handle on thatch and preventing it from accumulating close to the soil. While this type of grass if fairly resistant to disease, it is susceptible to nematode injury that weakens the root system causing it to become shallow and ineffective. Controlling the spread of the grass can be difficult once it is established. It spreads through both rhizomes and stolons making allowing it to spread quickly and easily in almost any directions.
Scott’s brands of Bermuda grass comes in several variations. Princess 77 and Yukon variations are used in many of the company’s Turf Builder EZ Seed blends. This grass seed blend will grow almost anywhere if proper care is given to nurture it and provide it with what it needs in the way of sunlight, water and nutrients. Scott’s has several different blends that use Bermuda grass seed as well as other varieties of hardy grass seed that grow well together. X-Seed Moisture Boost is another popular brand that guarantees thick, lush growth and a vibrant green lawn. Thin to slender blades provide a soft cushion that is perfect for tee and putting areas on golf courses. It grows best in full sunlight and seeds have a polymer coating that helps with water retention and stability throughout the germination process. Using a polymer allows moisture to penetrate into the seed and remain there while the germination process takes place. Pennington 1 Step Complete Bermuda Combination Mulch is a smart seed combination that provides both seed and fertilizer for a one step application process. This type of seed works extremely well when repairing sections of lawn that have been damaged or when trying to reseed a new lawn. The smart seed combination is ideal for patching small areas where the grass needs to establish itself quickly and produce a thorough ground cover in a short period of time. Jonathan Green Fast Grow Grass Seed Mix uses a combination of Bermuda grass and other warm temperature grasses. This type of seed grows extremely fast and takes hold in just a few days. The germination process takes approximately 7 to 14 days. The unique blend allows it to grow equally well in both shade and sun. The resulting lawn grass is extremely hardy and is resilient in high traffic areas, such as golf courses and athletic playing fields.
With new developments and advancements in the creating new types of seed, grass companies strive to create hybrids that work well in several different climates. Grasses must be extremely durable to live up to extreme weather conditions as well as excessive amounts of foot traffic. Golf courses and athletic playing fields need a specific type of grass that will hold up through the roughest periods of use. This includes rapid growth and resistance to both drought and disease.
Each type of grass requires some level of care. With Bermuda grass seed, the key to how it should be maintained, relates directly to its usage. High profile lawns, such as those in residential areas or commercial parks, may need to be mowed once a week and watered occasionally to retain their brilliant, plush green carpet look. When the seed is used for athletic playing fields and golf courses, the maintenance level is increased. It may need to be mowed more often and watered once or twice a week to encourage the growth that will be needed to keep the lawn full and provide adequate ground cover. Lawns and fields that are heavily traveled may require an increase in fertilization to make sure the grass has the proper nutrients to repair itself as well as foster new growth when it needs to thicken areas where excessive wear has caused thinning.